Laparoscopy has been more and more implicated in veterinary surgery over the last decade. This stems from the technologic advances in equipment and the impressive results of this noninvasive modality compared with invasive open surgery in human medicine and surgery. During laparoscopy, the abdomen is first distended with gas, and then a small camera and small, long instruments are introduced into the abdominal cavity to inspect the organs, or to perform a procedure. Instead of a long incision, which will be apparent with standard surgery, the operated animal will only have one to three, sometimes more, small incisions, each about 1-2 inches long. There is less risk during, and less discomfort after the procedure. Kidney and pulmonary workload, bowel motility and immune function are not as impaired when compared with similar open procedures. This technique is often times preferred over a standard surgical procedure especially in older, debilitated animals, in which conventional surgery may be associated with an increased risk for complications during anesthesia. These animals may allow the procedure to be performed under the influence of specific medications, on an outpatient basis.